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Anton Fischer

Sustainable Tourism

Verfügbarkeit: Auf Lager

Lieferzeit: 2-3 Tage

EAN/ISBN
9783838540979
1. 2014

Details

Tourism is an important economic factor. Besides its many benefits, there are, however, many potential dangers: emissions, environmental degradation, biodiversity loss, social imbalance, etc.

The concept of sustainable tourism shows how tourism might be both, an important and promising economic factor as well as a sustainable lesure-time pursuit.

Tourismus ist ein wichtiger ökonomischer Faktor. Tourismus verursacht aber auch zahlreiche Probleme: CO2-Emissionen, soziale Ungleichheit und Umweltprobleme sind nur einige davon.

Eine Lösung des Problems könnte der nachhaltige Tourismus sein. Dessen Grundzüge werden in diesem englischsprachigen Lehrbuch vorgestellt und kritisch diskutiert.
  • Sustainable Tourism / Anton Fischer 1
  • Impressum 4
  • Contents5
  • 1 Introduction7
  • 2 Tourism13
  • 2.1 Definition13
  • 2.2 Pre-tourism forms of travelling14
  • 2.3 The economic power of tourism15
  • 2.4 Mass tourism and its “ecological costs”17
  • 2.5 Money flow to and at destinations20
  • 2.6 The ecological footprint22
  • 2.7 Negative consequences of mobility27
  • 2.8 Mass tourism and its “social costs”32
  • 3 Alternative forms of tourism35
  • 3.1 Forms and definitions35
  • 3.1.1 Alternative and sustainable tourism36
  • 3.1.2 Nature-based tourism40
  • 3.1.3 Environmentally and socially friendly tourism and ecotourism41
  • 3.1.4 Special forms of ecotourism: conservation and volunteer tourism45
  • 3.1.5 Farm tourism46
  • 3.1.6 Pro-poor tourism47
  • 3.1.7 Adventure tourism47
  • 3.1.8 Criticism of the relevance of definitions with regard to sustainability48
  • 3.2 Low-carbon travelling49
  • 3.2.1 Soft mobility49
  • 3.2.2 CO2-sequestration by tree planting52
  • 3.3 Touristic attractiveness of natural areas53
  • 4 Combining nature conservation andsustainable tourism55
  • 4.1 Finding the right balance55
  • 4.2 Should there be entrance fees for national parks?55
  • 4.3 Disturbances in protected areas caused by tourism59
  • 4.4 The concept of carrying capacity60
  • 4.5 Big-game hunting65
  • 4.6 PAN parks: combining wilderness protection and economic benefits69
  • 4.6.1 The Protected Areas Network and its objectives69
  • 4.6.2 Acceptance by local communities73
  • 4.7 Implementation of ecotourism projects74
  • 4.8 Tourism and ethics77
  • 5 From the analysis of tourist trips to anevaluation schema79
  • 5.1 Important issues in evaluating tourist trips79
  • 5.2 Analysis of tourist trips85
  • 5.3 A systematic approach to tourist trip evaluation101
  • 6 Guidelines for planning and managing sustainable tourism107
  • 6.1 Guidelines for sustainable tourism at the destination107
  • 6.2 Guidelines for sustainable tourism in protected areas109
  • 7 The future of sustainable tourism113
  • 7.1 Towards a general concept of sustainable tourism113
  • 7.2 “Sustainable mass tourism”?116
  • 8 References119
  • 9 Acknowledgements125
  • 10 Index127